Tuesday, 26 August 2014

Expected cut off Marks of Prelims 2014

Expected cut off Marks of Prelims 2014:
The discussion among Civil service aspirants who have given the Exam on 24th August is what would be the cut off for this year.
(1)The cut off of 2012 Prelims for General candidates was 209 marks,OBC 190 marks, SC 185 marks and ST 181 marks
(2) The cut off of Prelims 2013 for General candidates was 241 marks,OBC 222 marks, SC 207 marks and ST 200 marks
(3)I have arrived at the tentative cutoff for Prelims 2014 based on the following facts
(a)Most of the students who have appeared for Prelims this year(including some candidates who went for 2013 interview or who got Group A services)have scored atleast 40 marks less than last year
(b) 2014 paper 1 and paper 2 are comparatively complex and tough when compared to 2012 paper
(c) 2014 paper 1 and paper 2 are comparatively much more tough when compared to 2013 paper
(d)Maximum marks this year is 385 marks unlike the earlier years where it was 400 marks
(e) History,Constitution,Economy which constitute approximately 55% of questions every year and on which students spend lot of time during preparation is approximately just 27% of total questions in this year (2014)
(f)The passages in Paper 2 were very lengthy
(g)Decision making questions which constitute 7 questions(17.5 marks) in 2012 and 2013 papers were missing in 2014 paper. There were NO negative marks for this 17.5 marks. This year students did not have the liberty of 7 questions or 17.5 marks without negative marks
(h) Vacancies of 2014 are much higher than 2012 and 2013
(4) Considering the above facts, we expect the cut off to come down and may be around 200 Marks(pessimistic) for General, 180 Marks for OBC and 170 marks for SC/ST candidates. Optimistically it may further go down.
Best wishes for your result. Please start your Mains preparation immediately. Those who do not wait for results and start their preparation immediately after Prelims Exam have greater chance of qualifying in Mains.
Best wishes.
R.A.Israel Jebasingh (IAS-2004 batch)

Monday, 25 August 2014

UPSC Paper - II Answer Key

UPSC Paper - I Answer Key


Friday, 22 August 2014

Exam Key for Prelims 2014

Exam key for Prelims 2014 will be available in the following time
General Studies(Paper 1)- 2 PM on 24th August 2014(Sunday)
CSAT(Paper 2)            - 7 PM on 24th August 2014(Sunday)

Saturday, 16 August 2014

Instructions from the Department of Personnel & Training (DoPT); Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination, 2014

Instructions from the Department of Personnel & Training (DoPT); Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination, 2014

Candidates taking Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination, 2014, being conducted by the Union Public Service Commission on 24 August, 2014 may note the following:-
1.      The Paper II of the CSE (Preliminary) is of 200 marks and 2 hours duration. It contains a section on English Language Comprehension Skills (Class X Level). It contains some questions based on a few paragraphs in English.
2.      The Union Government has decided that for the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination, 2014 to be held on 24thAugust, this section on English Language Comprehension Skills (Class X Level) will not count for gradation or merit.
3.      The Paper-II would contain a section on English Language Comprehension Skills (Class X Level). Candidates must therefore note that they do not have to answer the questions on this English Language Comprehension Skills (Class X Level) section. These questions will not be evaluated.
4.      However, the duration of the Paper II would remain 2 hours and candidates can utilize the entire time in answering all questions except those in the Section containing English Language Comprehension Skills (Class X Level).
5.      The maximum marks for Paper II would be “200 minus the marks earmarked for the English Language Comprehension Skills (Class X Level)”.
6.      Candidates must note that the section on English Language Comprehension Skills (Class X Level) would not count towards gradation or merit. Even if they attempt it, marks will not be counted for gradation or merit.
(Courtesy PIB)

Thursday, 14 August 2014

Science and Technology Current Affairs for Prelims 2014

Science and Technology Current Affairs for Prelims 2014

Apart from the usual topics of importance like
1. Cryogenic engine( owing to the Mangalyaan mission and GSLV Mk- III)

2. Satellite communication( Different satellite orbits, technical issues, space communication etc)

3. Biotechnology ( Recombinant, protein synthesis, possible combinations)

4. Defence( Umpteen number of missile tests , acquisitions and commissions over the past 12 months)

5. Nanotechnology(Important because of Graphene’s importance as a photovoltaic cell of the future and nanotech’s use in cancer therapy)

5. Day to day application science,
The following are also note worthy.
6. Electronic Nose (e-nose) is an intelligent instrument that is able to classify different types of odours.
The e-nose applications include food quality assurance, fragrance industry, medical diagnosis, environmental monitoring, agricultural industry and homeland security. The hand-held e-nose is based on sensor selection and optimum embedded controller capabilities.
The data processing utilizes multivariate statistical analysis i.e. Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA) and Linear Discriminate Analysis (LDA).
The developed instrument was tested to discriminate the Ganoderma boninense fruiting body (basidiocarp). Initial results show that the instrument is able to discriminate the samples based on their odour chemical fingerprint profile.
 It helps in quality evaluation of finished tea and detection of tea fermentation process. It uses metal-oxide semiconductor based sensors Tin and zinc oxides.

7.  Department of Science & Technology under Solar Energy Research Initiative  aims to initiate Nationally Coordinated Programme on Solar Energy Research  synergizing strengths of leading Indian Technological Institutes to develop novel  materials, devices and systems applicable to Solar Energy.
The Initiative also attempts to demonstrate hybrid solar power systems integrated on various R&D pathways and multiple technology alternatives for  distributed energy use to validate their viability to meet rural energy needs under  public private-partnership mode.
In addition to this major theme, the Initiative would also cover poly-generation i.e. heating/cooling and desalination which may/ may  not include power generation.

8. Village Resource Centres
To demonstrate the potential of satellite technology for development of rural areas, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has so far set up 456 Village Resource Centres (VRCs), on a pilot scale, in association with selected NGOs, Trusts and State Government Departments. The number of VRCs set up, state/Union Territory wise are as follows:
Village Resource Centres have provided various space technology enabled services such as tele-healthcare, tele-education, natural resources information etc.. The major benefits of the VRC programme include advisories related to agriculture like crop pest and diseases, fertilizer/pesticides, organic farming, crop insurance etc.; live STOCK/poultry, career guidance to rural students, skill development and vocational training etc., to the rural population.
Establishing new VRCs is an ongoing process and the same is carried out based on communication technology needs, FUNDS available, proposals received from State Governments/NGOs etc.

The parameters for selecting NGOs and Trusts as partners in VRC include experience in community organisation and social work, availability of required infrastructure for housing the VRC facility, requisite manpower for day-to-day operation and capacity for conducting programmes of relevance for the development of rural areas.

9. DBT FUNDED Indo-Dutch Project “A Population Based Prospective Cohort Study to Unravel the Causes of Stroke and Cognitive Decline: A Cross-Cultural Perspective Launched at AIIMS
Union Minister of Science & Technology and Earth Sciences Shri S.Jaipal Reddy and Minister of Health Welfare and Sports, Govt. of the Netherlands Ms. Edlth Schippers launched a unique project to be conducted by the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi and supported by the Department of Bio Technology, Government of India and its institute at Manesar (Haryana), the National Brain Research Centre here in New Delhi.
Through this process not only to help people at risk but also define known or novel risk factors that place people at risk of developing health problems mainly related to brain. He expressed hope that this project will serve as a model and training ground for similar initiatives of other parts of our huge and diverse country.
This project is designed to serve as a unique model in the sense that instead of usual practice of people seeking help for cure of their diseases at AIIMS, it is the AIIMS which in this project will seek people at risk to prevent diseases. The project focuses on people above 50 years of age in one rural and one urban area. Social Workers will screen people in the adopted areas, invite them to AIIMS even if they have no symptoms, assess the health of their brain,heart and blood, ask their food habits; give them necessary advice and follow them 6-monthly on phone and physically every three years. The project’s underpinning is the oft quoted axiom “Prevention is better than cure”, he added.
AIIMS stands to gain from this collaboration with the Netherland’s experience on running world- famous similar study at Rotterdam for last 25 years with over 1000 research papers. AIIMS plans to use data so generated to conduct several research projects to derive new knowledge that will help the country to develop preventive strategies.
It was specified during the launch that this is a unique project to develop a model and test strategies to prevent stroke and dementia as well as heart attacks; and hopefully inspire and support other similar projects in India. The Indo-Dutch collaboration capitalizes on the experience of Dutch Scientists who have been running similar projects in their country (Rotterdam study). Netherlands partners also stand to learn from unique cultural characteristics of India, from exchange visits of scientists and research workers and from the new generalizeable knowledge that emerges from this study.

10. The Government has taken several measures to make use of technology applications for drinking water, literacy, immunization, housing and sanitation in the country. Under Water Technology Initiative, technology elements such as remote monitoring of desalination systems, faster in-situ detection of contaminants as in some of the developed nations and integration of renewable sources of energy for water treatment have been introduced.
An Indo-European Commission (EC) technology applications programme for purification of water and detection of contaminants in water has been initiated. A web enabled Mother and Child Tracking System (MCTS) has been introduced for strengthening follow up of children for full immunization coverage in the country. The technology applications programme on water, sanitation and hygiene is involved in creating awareness amongst various stakeholders, through print and electronic media, as in the western world.
In order to introduce technology elements for enhanced energy efficiency in buildings, a joint Indo-US programme entitled “Centre for Building Engineering Research and Development (CBERD)” has been launched. Programmes for demystifying technologies and introducing new technology elements through demonstrations related to sanitation including recycling/reuse of waste water, soak pits, low cost toilets, etc, are being implemented nationally as well as globally with identified EC countries, etc, through exchange visits of scientists/engineers between India and some of the European nations.
The present level of INVESTMENT in the country for science and technology sector is 0.88 % of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). As per the Thomson Reuters Report 2012, India’s share in global research output has increased from 2.2 % in 2000 to 3.5 % in 2010. Also, the plan-wise S&T allocation in the country has increased, from Rs 12,022 crore in IX Plan (1997-2002) to Rs 75,304 crore in XI Plan (2007-2012).
11. The Government has formulated a scheme Disha to encourage and promote women scientists in the Science and Technology (S&T) sector by enlarging the scope of gender parity initiatives for greater out reach of existing schemes and adding new components. The Department of Science and Technology is implementing Women Scientists Scholarship Scheme which is specifically aimed at providing opportunities to women scientists and technologists for pursuing research in frontier areas of Science and Engineering. The Department of Biotechnology under the Bio-CARe scheme provides support for women scientists, both employed and unemployed to build capacities so as to help them undertake independent Research and Development (R&D) projects. The Ministry of Science and Technology proactively holds sensitization and project formulation workshops in various parts of the country to motivate more and more women, minorities and weaker sections to take up scientific research as a career.

12. Use of Technology for Housing, Sanitation, Etc
The Government has taken several measures to make use of appropriate technologies for housing, sanitation, drinking water, and immunization in the country.
Government has been working towards transfer of cost effective, energy-efficient, environment-friendly and disaster resistant building materials and construction technologies. A few new construction technologies, like, fly-ash bricks/blocks, cellular light weight concrete, bamboo mat corrugated sheets, bagasse slabs, wood substitute doors, ferro-cement roofing channels, etc., have been developed and are being propagated for application in housing sector.
Indirect ventilated pit latrine and pre-fabricated ferro-cement toilets have been fabricated and widely popularized through demonstration at various places. Development of low cost sanitary napkins, using knitwear waste from hosiery industry, has been standardized and 8 manufacturing units were set up in various parts of the country for making such product.
Under drinking water initiative, appropriate treatment processes for removal of chemical, biological and physical contaminants, rain water harvesting systems, desalination for conversion of seawater to potable water, integration of renewable sources of energy for treatment of water and faster in-situ detection of contaminants have been developed in the field and being popularized for its replication.
As a part of National Immunization Programme, Government is currently providing different types of vaccines, viz, Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG), Diphtheria Pertussis Tetanus (DPT), Polio, Hepatitis B, Measles, Japanese Encephalitis, and Pentavalent vaccine (DPT+Hepatitis B+ Haemophilus Influenzae Type B).. A web enabled Mother and Child Tracking System has been introduced for strengthening follow up of children for full immunization coverage in the country.
A budgetary allocation of Rs 7360 Crore has been provided for the technology development initiatives concerning housing, sanitation, drinking water, immunization and related activities, during the 12th Plan period (2012-17).

13. The Ministry of Science & Technology has launched its new project of E-MIAS for the future Inspire Awards. It was launched during the ongoing 3rd  National level Exhibition and Project Competitions (NLEPC) being held under the INSPIRE Awards Scheme of the Ministry of Science & Technology
Salient Features of E-MIAS
It will enable about 5 lakh middle and high schools all over the country to log in online and file nominations under the Scheme, which would be received electronically by the District Education authorities for further processing.   The schools will also be able to view, download and print list of sanctioned awardees and their certificates.
Similarly, it will enable all the (nearly) 700 District Education Authorities and 35 States / UTs and 3 Central Educational Organizations Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan,Navodaya VidyalayaSangathan and Sainik School Sangathan) to log in online and process the proposals received from schools and submit to the National Authority i.e. Department of Science & Technology (DST) for sanction.
The State and Districts authorities will also be able to submit the proposals for FUNDS release for DLEPCs / SLEPCs online.
It will enable the National Authority (DST) to process the proposals and Awards / FUNDS so received from the State Authorities online and issue sanctions electronically, as per the approved norms.
The software will also have facilities for registration of schools, District Authorities and State Authority, sending and receiving online communications to / from these authorities, receiving utilisation certificates, summary reports, electronically generate standard and tailor-made MIS reports and so on.
It will also have the public domain home page where even public at large would be able to view not only the basic details of the scheme but also the awards sanctioned to various States / schools , various reports / documents / forms relating to scheme, submit suggestions / feedback and so on.
The service provider will also put in place a call centre, which will run six days a week, to cater to the need / grievances of stakeholders.

14. The Shanti SwarupBhatnagar Prize is the most coveted national recognition for young scientists and engineers for their R&D work done in India. The Prize was instituted in 1957 in the honour of late Dr. (Sir) ShantiSwarupBhatnagar, an eminent scientist, founder Director and principal architect of CSIR. Over 450 scientists and technologists have been so far conferred upon this Prize in various disciplines of science for their outstanding R&D contribution. Each Prize carries a citation, cash prize, a plaque and an honorarium till superannuation.
15. Rotavirus
Govt announced positive results from a Phase III clinical trial of a rotavirus vaccine developed and manufactured in India.
ROTAVAC to have an excellent safety and efficacy profile.
The clinical study demonstrates for the first time that the India-developed rotavirus vaccine ROTAVAC in collaboration with Bharat Biotech under the Public-Private Partnership mode is efficacious in preventing severe rotavirus diarrhoea in low-resource settings in India. ROTAVAC significantly reduced severe rotavirus diarrhoea by more than half—56 percent during the first year of life, with protection continuing into the second year of life. Moreover, the vaccine also showed impact against severe diarrhoea of any cause.

16. Department of Biotechnology has formulated and implemented a number of programmes related to medical technologies and biodesign innovation. These include; Stanford-India Biodesign programme; Healthcare Technology Innovation Centre; Centre for Bioscience and Bioengineering; and Centre for Biodesignand in-vitro diagnostics.

17. Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) has launched “Patent Acquisition and Collaborative Research and Technology Development (PACE)” scheme in the 12th Five Year Plan with an aim to support Indian industries to acquire patented technology at an early stage, add value to the acquired technology, either independently or in collaboration with public funded research institutions in India or abroad for exploitation in Indian/foreign markets and develop “Made in India” innovative and socially relevant products for public consumption. Innovation Complexes of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) catalyze innovation eco-system in the region, incubate platform technologies in the identified areas, incubate spinoffs and nurture Micro Small and Medium Sector Enterprises (MSMEs) in the designated fields through innovative inputs. National Research Development Corporation (NRDC) encourages invention promotion, leverages innovations and inventions for competitiveness through its activities.
Source : Summary of Department of Science and Technology (DST)’s Annual Report

Sunday, 10 August 2014


1.     C                                  26. B           51. C                    76. A
2.     B                                  27. A          52. D                    77. D
3.     B                                  28. D          53. A                    78. A
4.     B                                  29. C          54. D                    79. D
5.     A                                  30. D          55. C                    80. A
6.     A                                  31. D          56. C                    81. D
7.     C                                  32. D          57. D                    82. C
8.     A                                  33. C          58. B                    83. B
9.     B                                  34. B           59.A                     84. C
10. A                                  35. A          60. C                    85. B
11.  B                                  36. C          61. D                    86. C
12.  C                                  37. C          62. C                    87. B
13.  A                                  38. B           63. C                    88. B
14.  B                                  39. B           64.                        89. C
15.   A                                  40. D           65. B                    90.B
16.  D                                   41. B           66. B                    91. C
17.  A                                   42. B           67. B                    92. B
18.  D                                   43. C           68. D                    93. B
19.  B                                   44. A           69. D                    94. D
20. B                                   45. B           70. B                    95. B
21. C                                   46. B           71. C                    96. C
22. B                                    47. A          72. A                    97. B
23. B                                    48. B           73. C                    98. B
24. D                                    49. A          74. B                    99. B

25. A                                     50. B           75. B                    100. C

Thursday, 7 August 2014

Budget 2014-15 for Prelims 2014

Budget 2014-15 for Prelims 2014

1)    Expenditure versus Receipts

Rs Crore
Total expenditure estimates (X)

Gross Tax receipts

(State share)

Share of Centre (A)

Non Tax Revenues (B)

Non Debt capital receipts(C)

Total Receipts(A+ B+ C)=Y

Fiscal Deficit(Borrowing)(X-Y)

2. Deficits
Fiscal Deficit
4.1% of GDP

Revenue Deficit
2.9% of GDP

3.Direct taxes contribute 54% and indirect taxes 46% to the tax receipts of the central government

·         The Ministry of Rural Development is implementing a new scheme titled, “Skill Empowerment and Employment in J&K (SEE J&K) ‘Himayat’.
·          It envisages covering one lakh youth from rural & urban areas of J&K in the next five years.
·         70% of the funds will be utilized for wage employment and remaining 30% for self employment. It is a 100% central assistance scheme.

5.Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana
·         Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP) has been initiated as a sub-component of the National Rural Livelihood Mission(NRLM) to meet the specific needs of women farmers and achieve socio-economic and technical empowerment of the rural women farmers, predominantly small and marginal farmers.

6.Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH):
·         The objective of Department of AYUSH is to develop and promote the Indian systems of medicines in an organised and scientific manner.

7.Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA):
·         To accelerate the progress of sanitation in rural areas, Government of India has designed a paradigm shift in Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC), which is now called the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA), in the XIIth Five Year Plan.
·         The new strategy is to transform rural India into ‘Nirmal Bharat’ by adopting community saturation approach. The provision of incentive for individual household latrine units has been widened to cover all APL households who belong to SCs, STs, small and marginal farmers, landless labourers with homesteads, physically challenged and women headed households along-with all BPL households.
·         NBA goal is to achieve 100% access to sanitation for all rural households by 2022.

8.Expenditure Management Commission
·         The principle of “Minimum Government Maximum Governance”. To achieve this goal, time has come to review the allocative and operational efficiencies of Government expenditure to achieve maximum output.
·         The Government will constitute an Expenditure Management Commission, which will look into various aspects of expenditure reforms to be undertaken by the Government
·         The Commission will give its interim report within this financial year.
·        To overhaul the subsidy regime, including food and petroleum subsidies, and make it more targeted while providing full protection to the marginalized, poor and SC/STs. 
9.Smart Cities
·         As the fruits of development reach an increasingly large number of people, the pace of migration from the rural areas to the cities is increasing.
·         A neo middle class is emerging which has the aspiration of better living standards. Unless, new cities are developed to accommodate the burgeoning number of people, the existing cities would soon become unlivable.
·        The Prime Minister has a vision of developing ‘one hundred Smart Cities’, as satellite towns of larger cities and by modernizing the existing mid-sized cities.
(PURA project of Kalam aimed at reverse migration. Smart Cities project aims at providing better homes for migrants) 
10.Skill India
·         A national multi-skill programme called Skill India is proposed to be launched.
·         It would skill the youth with an emphasis on employability and entrepreneur skills.
·         It will also provide training and support for traditional professions like welders, carpenters, cobblers, masons, blacksmiths, weavers etc.
·         Convergence of various schemes to attain this objective is also proposed. 
11.Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana
·         Bulk of our farm lands are rain fed and dependent on monsoons.
·         Therefore, there is a need to provide assured irrigation to mitigate risk.
·         To improve access to irrigation a new scheme “Pradhan Mantri Krishi SinchayeeYojana” 
12.Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission(similar to PURA project)
·         Aims to provide people living in the rural areas,efficient civic infrastructure and associate services
·         Shyama Prasad MukherjiRurban Mission will be launched to deliver integrated project based infrastructure in the rural areas, which will also include development of economic activities and skill development.
·         The preferred mode of delivery would be through PPPs while using various scheme funds for financing
13.Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana
·         Power is a vital input for economic growth and the Government is committed to providing 24x7 uninterrupted power supply to all homes.
·         “DeenDayal Upadhyaya Gram JyotiYojana” for feeder separation will be launched to augment power supply to the rural areas and for strengthening sub-transmission and distribution systems.
14.Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana
·         NDA Government during its last term in office had introduced the Varishtha Pension BimaYojana (VPBY) as a pension scheme for senior citizens.
·         This scheme has been revived for a limited period from 15 August, 2014 to 14 August, 2015 for the benefit of citizens aged 60 years and above.
 15.Beti Bachao, Beti PadhaoYojana
·        It is a focused scheme which would help in generating awareness and also help in improving the efficiency of delivery of welfare services meant for women.
·        New scheme for watershed development in the country
 17.All India Institute of Medical Science(AIIMS)
·        All the six new AIIMS at Jodhpur, Bhopal, Patna, Rishikesh, Bhubaneswar and Raipur, which are part of Pradhan Mantri Swasthya SurakshaYojana, have become functional.
·        A plan to set up four more AIIMS like institutions at Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Vidarbha in Maharashtra and Poorvanchal in UP is under consideration.
 18.Higher Education
·        Proposal to set up Jai Prakash Narayan National Centre for Excellence in Humanities in Madhya Pradesh
·        To set up five more IITs in the Jammu, Chattisgarh, Goa, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala.
·        Five IIMs would be set up in the States of Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Bihar, Odisha and Maharashtra.
19.Pooled Municipal Debt Obligation Facility
·        This facility was set up in 2006 with participation of several Banks to promote and finance infrastructure projects in Urban Area on shared risk basis.
·        Present corpus of this facility is `5,000 Crores.
·        This Government has a major focus of providing good infrastructure, including public transport, solid waste disposal, sewerage treatment and drinking water in the urban areas.
·        In keeping with the Hon’ble Prime Minister’s vision for urban areas it is proposed to enlarge it to `50,000 Crores with extension of the facility by five years to March 31, 2019.
20.BhoomiHeen Kisan
·         As a very large number of landless farmers are unable to provide land title as guarantee, institutional finance is denied to them and they become vulnerable to money lenders’ usurious lending.
·         It is proposed to provide finance to 5 lakh joint farming groups of “BhoomiHeen Kisan” through NABARD in the current financial year.
·          21.National Adaptation Fund
·         Climate change is a reality which all of us have to face together. Agriculture as an activity is most prone to the vagaries of climate change.
·         To meet this challenge, it is proposed to establish a “National Adaptation Fund” for climate change. As an initial sum an amount of `100 crore will be transferred to the Fund.
 22.Producers Development and Upliftment Corpus (PRODUCE)
·         The issue of profitability of small holding based agriculture has assumed importance in view of increasing proportion of small and marginal farmers in the country.
·         It is proposed to supplement NABARD’s Producers’ organization development fund for Producer’s development and upliftment called PRODUCE with a sum of `200 crore which will be utilized for building 2,000 producers organizations across the country over the next two years.
 23.National Industrial Corridor Authority
·         A National Industrial Corridor Authority, with its headquarters in Pune, is being set up to coordinate the development of the industrial corridors, with smart cities linked to transport connectivity, which will be the cornerstone of the strategy to drive India’s growth in manufacturing and urbanization
 24.One Rank One Pension
·         Commitment to soldiers in pension .
·         A policy of “One Rank One Pension” has been adopted by the Government to address the pension disparities
 25.National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY)
·         HRIDAY is a scheme launched for conserving and preserving the heritage characters of these cities.
·         To begin with, the cities such as Mathura, Amritsar, Gaya, Kanchipuram, Vellankani and Ajmer have been selected
·         The Project will work through a partnership of Government, academic institutions and local community combining affordable technologies
 26.Namami Gange
·        It is a proposal to set up Integrated Ganga Conservation Mission called “NamamiGange”
27.NRI Ganga Fund
·         NRIs have been a very important contributor to the development process in India, in areas such as education, health and preservation of culture.
·         In this context, to harness their enthusiasm to contribute towards the conservation of the river Ganga, NRI Fund for Ganga will be set up which will finance special projects.
 28.Indian Space Programme
·         Several major space missions are planned for 2014-15 which include the experimental flight of India’s future heavy capacity launcher GSLV Mk-III, one commercial launch of PSLV and two more navigational satellites.
·         Our Mars Orbiter spacecraft is in its 300 days long voyage to Planet Mars along the designated helio-centric trajectory.
·         Mars Orbiter Spacecraft is expected to be orbiting around Mars on September 24, 2014.
 29. 24x7 Channel for the North East
·         TV is a very powerful tool for the expression of cultural identities and for creating greater awareness of the richness of the diversity of our country.
·         To provide a strong platform to rich cultural and linguistic identity of the North-East, a new 24x7 channel called “ArunPrabha” will be launched.